What Is the Canada-U.s. Air Quality Agreement

Keywords: transboundary effects, climate change, acid rain, long-range air pollution, monitoring, air quality/air pollution, public health, emission standards, ozone layer, dispute settlement, research, emissions In 1991, the United States and Canada concluded an agreement to combat transboundary air pollution, according to which pollutants released in one place can travel long distances, which means the air quality at their sources affected. as well as several kilometers away. The 1991 agreement led to a reduction in acid rain in the 1990s and was extended in 2000 to reduce transboundary smoke emissions under the ozone annex. The AQA established a framework to address common concerns related to transboundary air pollution and set targets for each country in the first annex to the agreement to reduce emissions that lead to acid deposition. An additional annex to the agreement dealt with scientific cooperation, and in 1997 the parties signed a „commitment to develop a joint action plan to combat transboundary air pollution” to jointly address the common problems of ground-level ozone and particulate matter (PM). While scientific assessment activities were under way to better understand transboundary PM issues, the Parties decided in 2000 to prepare an annex dealing with ground-level ozone in the eastern border region. Nothing in this Agreement shall affect the rights and obligations of the Parties in other international agreements between them, including those contained in the Boundary Waters Treaty and the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement of 1978, as amended. The Ozone Annex was added to the Canada-United States Air Quality Agreement (December 2000) to address transboundary air pollution resulting in high air quality from ground-level ozone, an important component of smog. The long-term goal of ozone annexation is to achieve ozone air quality standards in both countries. If there are transboundary pollution fluxes that produce ozone, the ozone annex obliges both countries to reduce their emissions of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds, precursors of ground-level ozone pollutants. Under the agreement, the IJC invites the public to provide comments every two years and provides a summary of the comments to the governments of Canada and the United States to help them implement the agreement. Environment Canada – Canada-United States Withdrawal of air quality issues With respect to cases not covered by Article XIII, the Parties shall, after consultations under Article XI, continue to refer the matter to an appropriate third party who proposes or pursues an action, activity or project that causes or is likely to cause significant transboundary air pollution, in accordance with the agreed mandate. .

The Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada, hereinafter referred to as „the Parties”, air pollutants, greenhouse gases, energy production, housing and individuals, transportation. Economy Commons, Geography Commons, International and Area Studies Commons, International Relations Commons. Noting its tradition of environmental cooperation as expressed in the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909, the Trail Smelter Arbitration of 1941, the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement of 1978 as amended, the Memorandum of Intent on Transboundary Air Pollution of 1980, the Joint Report of the Special Representatives on Acid Rain of 1986 and the UNECE Convention on Long-term Transboundary Air Pollution distance from 1979; The Air Quality Agreement is an environmental agreement between Canada and the United States[1][2]. It was signed into law on March 13, 1991 by Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and U.S. President George H. W. Bush and came into effect immediately. [3] [4] It was commonly referred to as the „Acid Rain Treaty” during its negotiations, particularly in Canada. Negotiations began in 1986, when Mulroney first discussed the issue with President Reagan. Mulroney repeatedly emphasized the issue in public meetings with Reagan in 1987[5] and 1988[6] The Canada-U.S. Air Quality Agreement was signed by Canada and the United States in 1991 to combat transboundary air pollution that leads to acid rain. The two countries agreed to reduce emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), the main precursors of acid rain, and to cooperate in scientific and technical cooperation related to acid rain.

. Canada and the United States will soon begin negotiations on the terms of an annex to the Canada-U.S. Air Quality Agreement. The annex refers to a type of air pollution called particulate matter, colloquially referred to as PM. . . .